- Our Blog
Focus on quality for success with equities in the new year.
2022 was a bruising year for equity markets, and I don’t think that investors should just expect everything to go “back to normal.” Higher inflation and a weaker economic environment will mean that not all companies will thrive. Here’s how I am thinking about opportunity as we head into 2023.
Inflation will begin to settle down, but it will settle at a higher number than we had pre-pandemic
As the economy reopened after the pandemic, we saw many one-off drivers of inflation. At the same time, longer lasting drivers have also been unleashed. We are seeing changes in supply chains (reshoring and building out new networks) and geopolitics, and these don’t resolve quickly. I expect inflation to fall, but not back to pre-pandemic levels. When a dislocation like this happens, you never go back to where you started — and where we end up is one of the key questions for 2023.
At the lower end of the growth spectrum, we’ll see a re-rating in valuation
Inflation generally means equity valuations come down, and we saw that through 2022, but on a broad market basis. I think that we’ll see greater dispersion in terms of valuation in 2023, with longer duration equity — companies with growth expectations farther out in the future — suffering more. Investors will have to be more careful about what they are willing pay for future earnings, and demands for profitability will come sooner. All of this means that companies that can’t deliver earnings are more likely to see the market take down their valuation.
How much cash a company has on hand is going to matter more
Many investors think of valuation in terms of P/E multiples. That metric is useful, but it’s not the only measure of a company’s value. I think that free cash flow will be a more important metric because it will provide a good indication of how resilient a company may be in a high-inflation, weaker economic environment. Cash on hand can also help deliver stock buybacks, which can support a company’s stock price. It will be a lot more expensive to fund buybacks through debt. Because of this, free cash flow and dividend growth (rather than the absolute level of yield) are both metrics that may indicate a higher quality company.
There are some relative opportunities to consider, but the primary focus should be on finding resilient companies
While economic growth is slowing, at this point it doesn’t look like a recession in the U.S. will be very deep. In contrast, economies in Europe are under significant stress, and a deeper recession there seems likely. In emerging markets, we have seen economies under stress from China’s zero-COVID policies, the strong U.S. dollar and geopolitics. When thinking about global opportunities at a high level, the U.S. is more attractive than other regions. I also think that small caps may offer greater opportunity than large caps — especially since larger companies tend to have greater non-U.S. revenue exposure (~35% of revenue is outside the U.S.).1 I also still think that a tilt towards value over growth makes sense.
You’ll need to go deeper than big-picture observations to succeed in 2023 though — meaning an active, company-by-company approach. Passive indexes (especially in international) can have embedded concentrations that can hurt portfolio performance. To succeed in 2023, you’ll really need to distinguish between companies that are more resilient and those that aren’t.